Rivals Armenia and Azerbaijan conflict Thursday on the UN’s prime courtroom, with Yerevan asking judges to pressure Baku to withdraw troops from Nagorno-Karabakh and permit displaced ethnic Armenians to return safely to the breakaway area.
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The hearings on the International Court of Justice come solely weeks after Azerbaijan‘s lightning offensive to take management of the disputed space of Nagorno-Karabakh for the primary time in three many years.
The separatist Karabakh authorities introduced that the self-proclaimed republic will likely be dissolved on January 1, 2024.
Armenia has petitioned the ICJ to order Azerbaijan to “withdraw all navy and law-enforcement personnel from all civilian institutions in Nagorno-Karabakh.”
It additionally known as on the courtroom to make sure Azerbaijan “chorus from taking any actions… having the impact of displacing the remaining ethnic Armenians… or stopping the secure and expeditious return” of refugees.
The ICJ guidelines on disputes between states however whereas its choices are legally binding, it has no energy to implement them.
Thursday’s hearings on the iconic Peace Palace in The Hague are the most recent in a long-running authorized battle between the 2 rivals.
Every nation has accused the opposite of breaching a UN treaty, the Worldwide Conference on the Elimination of All Types of Racial Discrimination (ICERD).
After September’s navy operation, Yerevan accused Azerbaijan of conducting a marketing campaign of “ethnic cleaning” to clear Nagorno-Karabakh of its Armenian inhabitants.
However Baku strongly denies the declare and has publicly known as on Armenian residents of the territory to remain and “reintegrate” into Azerbaijan.
The mountainous area of Nagorno-Karabakh was populated primarily by Armenians and has been a part of Azerbaijan for the reason that fall of the Russian Empire.
It unilaterally proclaimed its independence with the assist of Armenia when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991.
Within the wake of the operation, Armenian lawmakers permitted a key step in becoming a member of one other worldwide courtroom primarily based in The Hague — the Worldwide Felony Court docket (ICC).
This infuriated its conventional ally Russia as a result of the ICC has issued an arrest warrant for Kremlin chief Vladimir Putin on allegations of abducting Ukrainian youngsters throughout Moscow’s invasion.